Dietotherapy of obesity

An increase in the incidence of obesity is observed inAll economically developed countries, which has recently become a pandemic. For example, for the United States, obesity has become a national problem. Fortunately, our country is still far from America. However, we also have a growing number of people suffering from overweight. Experts argue that there is a direct relationship between age and excess weight - after 40 years, the accumulation of fat is significantly increased. This problem is especially important for women, as it is possible the appearance of hormonal imbalance in the body at the approach of menopause. This situation can further worsen the problem of overweight.

According to the latest research and ideasMany foreign scientists - the main reason for the accumulation of fat is the inability to absorb it, that is, to oxidize (split). The ability to break down (oxidize) food fats (lipids) is genetically inherent in a person, which is why obesity is most often manifested in people with a hereditary predisposition to it.

It follows that obesity occurs in theThe result of the fact that in the body, with food, comes on much more fat than it can oxidize (split). It should be noted that organisms of obese patients have an increased ability to break down food fats. In this case, we can conclude that this disease is a protective reaction to the excess amount of fat coming from food.

So, we found out that the cause of obesity isNot overeating in general, but consuming large amounts of fat. Note that carbohydrates, which always tend to be limited in a variety of dieting for weight loss, are not so harmful - that out of them the fat in the fat depot has been worked out and stored, it is necessary to eat about 500 grams of sugar and starch in one sitting. It is unlikely that the average amateur of sweets will be able to do this.

Dietotherapy of obesity

Medical staff note a direct link between the established eating habits of many people and the increase in obesity.

The structure of modern human nutrition byThe content of the main ingredients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins) underwent significant changes in comparison with physiological norms. At the expense of fat, a maximum of 30% of the body's energy expenditure can be absorbed. The average resident of the city daily consumes 1.5 times more fat, which is about 100-150 grams. So it's not at all surprising that the number of complaints about excess weight is steadily growing.

The main factor contributing to the splittingFood fats (lipids) is muscle activity. After all, when the load in the muscles increases - the level of burning (utilization) of fats significantly increases. The reverse process will be observed with a decrease in physical activity. From which it follows that life without movement contributes to the development of obesity.

As it was written above, in patients with excessiveWeight increased ability to digest food lipids. With an increase in weight by 10 kg - the process of fat oxidation is accelerated by 15-20 grams per day. In this way, the body tries to stabilize the weight, even if the excess amount of fat is continued with food. The body begins to gradually adapt the metabolism for the predominant use of fats as energy substrates (normal substrates are glucose). In case of weight loss, it is possible to observe the reverse process - a decrease in the ability to oxidize fats by 150-20 grams per day relative to the lost 10 kg of weight. Therefore, to maintain the effect of losing weight, it is necessary to limit the amount of consumed fats from 30 to 40 grams per day. Since almost all diets focus on reducing the calorie content of food (reducing carbohydrate intake), there will be relapses of obesity in 9 cases out of 10.

Dietotherapy of obesity

Scientists have developed special low-fatDiets that are perfect for people, both elderly and mature. They do not need cardinal changes in the usual diet or caloric restriction. Such diets can be safely applied for a long period, which will help not only to get rid of excess weight, but also to maintain the achieved results. It should be noted that the use of such diets is possible in the presence of various diseases, without fear of their aggravation.

To maintain such a diet is allowedUse in the food of any products, without limiting the consumed carbohydrates. It is necessary to follow only the amount of fat consumed. Deficiency of fats, unlike carbohydrates, even after 40 years will not cause a feeling of hunger and is almost unnoticeably tolerated by the sick. Note that this should not concern polyunsaturated fatty acids, the main source of which is unrefined vegetable oil.