Climax is a period in a woman's life,Accompanied by certain anxieties and unrest. Worry does not diminish from the awareness that menopause is experienced by each of us, and this phenomenon is given to us by nature itself. What should every woman know about this important period?

Menopause in women

What is menopause? This is a natural physiological process of transitionThe female body from the reproductive phase with regular menstrual cycles to the phase of complete cessation of menstruation. Also, menopause may occur due to other factors, for example, a previous surgery to remove ovaries or chemotherapy. The onset of this period in the life of every woman is an event accompanied by a number of symptoms and often requires a certain correction from a medical point of view.

Answering the question what is menopause for a womanFrom the reproductive point of view, we can say that this is the beginning of a non-productive age, characterized by the inability to conceive, bear and give birth to a child. Ovulation begins to occur more and more rarely, with time (several months or years after the onset of menopause) being reduced to nothing.

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When can we finally state that a woman has started a phase of unproductive age? It is believed that this stage occurs when the woman had no menstruation for a year.

The average age of onset of menopause (menopause)- 51 years. In half of women, menopause begins in the period of 45-50 years. There is also a premature (up to 40 years), early (40-44 years) and late (55-60 years) menopause.

Symptoms of menopause in women

The most important symptom of menopause is recurrentDelay in menstruation for several days (weeks, months). Over time, menstruation will come less and less, and menstrual flow will be more scarce. At the same time, periodic dysfunctional uterine bleeding is possible during menopause.

Symptoms of menopause in women

Menopause in women

Early symptoms of menopause Occur with the onset of delays in monthly,With menopause. This includes headaches and nausea, muscle pain, lowering or increasing pressure, hot flushes or chills, sweating, tachycardia, weight gain or loss, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting. There are also emotional manifestations in the form of weakness, constant fatigue, drowsiness or insomnia, depressive states, depression, memory and attention problems, decreased sexual desire.

3-5 years after the onset of menopause occur Symptoms of menopause associated with the organs of the genitourinary system: Dryness in the vagina, unpleasant painSensations during intercourse, itching and burning in the area of ​​external genitalia, inflammation in the vagina, urinary incontinence, frequent urination. There are changes with the skin, hair nails - the skin becomes dry, wrinkles appear, nails break and break, hair dry, drop out. The shape of the mammary glands changes.

Finally, Late symptoms of menopause Include internal diseases: atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, osteoporosis (symptoms and treatment of osteoporosis), Alzheimer's disease, obesity, hypertension.

These are common symptoms of menopause, but differentWomen they manifest themselves in different ways. Some of them have only a small part of these manifestations, others happily experience climax at all without any special symptoms, others suffer from too vivid manifestations.

Is it necessary to treat menopause in women?

Only your attending physician can answer this As before, during the menopause the woman should continue to visit the gynecologist twice a year, and also consult other doctors according to the symptoms.

Menopause in women

If you want to transfer the climax as much as possibleEasy, it is worth paying attention to your lifestyle. Refuse bad habits (first of all - smoking), do moderate physical exertion (there is a special therapeutic gymnastics with menopause), adjust the diet and rest. And most importantly - to provide yourself with a positive attitude.

It is not recommended during the climax to sit down onDiet for weight loss. It is during this period that the subcutaneous fat plays an important role for hormonal reorganization of the body. In addition, diets - it's always stress, and excess stress in the body during menopause is useless. If you are obese, to solve this problem you better consult a doctor.

If there is a need for drug treatment of menopause in women, hormonal drugs - gestagens and combined oral contraceptives - have proved to be very useful in this issue. Hormonal therapy for menopause Is appointed and controlled by the attending physician.

In addition to hormones, a number of other drugs are prescribed: Vitamins, phytopreparations, calcium preparations (for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis), tranquilizers, antidepressants, bisphosphates, nootropics and others. The expediency of using these or other drugs in menopause is determined by the attending physician.

Menopause in women is a phenomenon that can not be avoided. Therefore, it is worthwhile to approach this important period responsibly and to protect yourself as much as possible from its negative manifestations: start a healthy lifestyle, visit regularly the necessary doctors, pay attention to any symptoms. Health is one - and it is in your hands, dear ladies!