Causes of cervical cancer
- genital herpes and human papillomavirus;
- promiscuous sex life;
- early (at the age of 16 years) the onset of sexual activity;
- early (under 16 years of age) pregnancy and first childbirth;
- Numerous abortions: every abortion made by a woman is another step towards cervical cancer;
- Various inflammatory processes in the female genitalia and sexually transmitted diseases;
- cervical erosion;
- prolonged continuous intake of hormonal contraception;
- Violations of the immune system, in particular, HIV infection.
Cervical cancer. Stages of development of the disease
Severe epithelial dysplasia is an early stage of noninvasive (intraepithelial) cervical cancer.
Progressing, changes on the cervix with time lead to the next stage - microinvasive cancer. It can be determined by resorting to diagnosis by histology.
The last stage of cervical cancer is invasiveCancer, when tumor cells can be transmitted through blood to other tissues and organs, causing the formation of metastases. Cancer cells affect the uterus and vagina, bladder and intestine, metastases appear in the lymph nodes, kidneys, liver and lungs.
Signs of cervical cancer
The main danger of this disease is its practical asymptomatic.
The early stages of cervical cancer are most often notAre characterized by some external manifestations. As a rule, they are detected as a result of a smear and colposcopy study. Therefore, for every woman, even without complaints, so systematic (twice a year) examination at the gynecologist. This will allow to reveal in time the initial stages of the development of the disease - and therefore, as soon as possible to take measures for its treatment.
One of the first symptoms of cervical cancer -Bloody discharge during and after intercourse and periodic watery discharge, eventually changing to bloody. This is due to the destruction of lymphatic and circulatory capillaries of the cervical epithelium. With the course of the disease (invasive cancer), bloody discharges become more regular and intense, and with the decay of the tumor - purulent and foul-smelling.
Another sign of cervical cancer is painfulSensations in the back, legs, during emptying, which occur when the tumor cells spread to other organs and tissues. Concomitant symptoms of advanced cervical cancer may be fever, weight loss.
Cervical cancer. Treatment
- surgical method (operation);
- Radiation therapy (ionizing radiation);
- Chemotherapy (drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells).
Usually, These methods are applied in complex, But much depends on the stage of the disease. So, exclusively operational method is possible only at the initial stages of cervical cancer. Treatment of invasive cervical cancer is no longer possible without radiotherapy after surgery. Chemotherapy as an independent method is not applied because of its low effectiveness in this disease, and therefore it can only be considered as a supplement to the surgical and radiation method.
The effectiveness of cervical cancer treatment depends onA number of factors: the stage of the disease, the age of the woman, the correctness of the choice of a particular method of therapy. However, the first place is occupied by the early diagnosis of the disease - the earlier the disease is identified, the more likely the success of treatment and the longer the life of the patient after therapy.
Inoculation against cervical cancer
It would seem that the issue with the enemy of female healthNumber one is resolved, but in fact, it's not so simple. Firstly, the vaccine should be prescribed to girls and girls before the onset of sexual activity, but the genetically modified components contained therein can, allegedly, lead to infertility. Secondly, this vaccination can hardly be considered a panacea for cervical cancer, since HPV is only one of (and not the only) reasons for the onset of this tumor. The opinions of doctors on this issue, as always, diverge, and we can only think and decide for ourselves ...
Prevention of cervical cancer
Where it is safer for health to try simplyPrevent various gynecological diseases: use a condom, do not get involved in promiscuous sexual relations, monitor your health, do not abuse harmful habits, regularly undergo examinations with a gynecologist. Watch your health, dear women!
With this article read:
Why do girls smoke?
Since the expedition of Christopher Columbus in the 15th century brought tobacco from America to Europe, smoking
Mastopathy. Signs, causes, prevention of mastopathy
Mastopathy is a fibro-cystic disease, benign formation in the mammary gland,
Treatment of human papillomavirus
Almost every inhabitant of the planet is potentially a carrier of papillomavirus. But, it would seem,
In addition to passion, pleasure and vivid emotions, sex has another - the dark side, which is subject to
Hormonal failures in women
Hormonal disruptions in modern women - not uncommon. Attitude to this phenomenon of the majority
The delay in menstruation is one of the most common causes for the experiences of every woman.
Premenstrual syndrome. How to make PMS easier.
In the life of every girl from 11-14 years old, and some even earlier there comes a special time, it's time
How to terminate a pregnancy
It is naive to deny that we do not like sex, and sometimes the desire for it, we are overcome not less than men. Yes,
How to determine ovulation
The method for determining the day of ovulation should be chosen individually, according to "your case", and not