Yes, indeed, our bones are not so strong,As in men, and from our bones calcium is washed out much faster. Reducing calcium in the bones leads to a very serious illness like osteoporosis. Just think about it: every fourth woman after 60 years old is susceptible to osteoporosis. Some of you probably thought that 60 years is not so soon and you can think about it, oh, how not soon - but this is the first big misconception. The processes that lead to osteoporosis, namely the processes of destruction of bone tissue, begin in girls in 35-37 years, and somewhere in the 45 years these processes acquire more pronounced effects. Therefore, the prevention of osteoporosis should be done in advance, or rather - right now.
What is osteoporosis?
Inside our bones is dense boneA fabric consisting of heterogeneous structures, which gives bones density, making them strong and durable. Due to this strength they keep our weight and any other load.
There are some osteoblasts in our body,Which form bone tissue, and there are also osteoclasts - destroying this tissue. These processes are quite normal phenomenon, peculiar to each person and accompany us throughout our life. But there comes a time when the processes of destruction begin to prevail: osteoclasts begin to dominate osteoblasts. As a result of the fact that our bones can not make up for the destruction, bone tissue begins to deteriorate, and the bones become brittle. In fact, voids form inside our bones, and if you look inside the bones, with osteoporosis, it will resemble porous chocolate.
The main cause of osteoporosis is the lack ofCalcium in the bones. In the 25-30 years of the girls there is a so-called peak of "bone activity", when the density of bones is at the highest level. After 30 years, closer to 40, the calcium reserve in the bones of our skeleton begins to decrease, but we practically do not notice this until the menopause comes. With menopause in women, the body stops producing a hormone called "estrogen", which controls the presence of calcium in the bones. After that, the destroyer cells hold nothing back, and they begin to mercilessly destroy our bones. Imagine that in the first years of menopause, women lose about one kilogram of bone mass per year! Osteoporosis affects the entire bone tissue, throughout the body, and not locally. In osteoporosis, the bone is not immediately thinned, this process occurs over many years.
The most "dangerous" parts of our body that are most susceptible to osteoporosis are:
• Thigh neck;
• Thoracic department;
• Vertebrae (vertebrae);
• Radial bone.
According to the World Health Organization, osteoporosis ranks third in the world due to mortality, after cardiovascular and oncological diseases.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
The most terrible thing is that at the initial stage,Osteoporosis proceeds quite quietly and quietly - asymptomatically, that is, we do not physically have anything to hurt, but inside our body terrible processes occur. When the disease begins to progress, it is accompanied by the following symptoms:
One of the most common symptomsOsteoporosis, are pain in the back of a aching character. This, as a rule, occurs because of a long stay in one position, in a lying or sitting position. Pain begins to appear within half an hour.
The second symptom of osteoporosis is the cramps of the leg muscles, namely, in the region of the shins and feet. Most often these convulsions occur at night.
The increased fragility of nails and periodontitis may indicate the presence or prerequisites for osteoporosis.
More obvious symptoms of osteoporosis are pain in the bones and in the lower back.
Increased palpitation is also inherent in patients with osteoporosis.
Signs of Osteoporosis
Now about the signs. Probably, many of you think: what is the difference between the symptoms of osteoporosis and symptoms. Symptoms are what we feel and can assume about the presence of the disease, and the signs - what we observe, that is, what already indicates the onset of the disease.
The first sign of osteoporosis is a decreaseGrowth, that is, if you start to notice that you are "growing down," the reason for this is osteoporosis. You can determine this by many features, for example, your pants or jacket became big on you, you began to hump and there was a stoop. The appearance of a stoop in a woman in adulthood, the so-called "widow's hump," occurs when the spine is bent forward.
The second sign of osteoporosis isFrequent fractures of bones. In addition, the bones can break in several places, or they can grow together for a long time. Here you can mention the fracture of the neck of the hip, spine, wrists.
Early graying of hair, too, strangely enough, is a sign of osteoporosis.
Types of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is of the following types:
- Osteoporosis of the spine;
- Osteoporosis of the hip joint;
- Osteoporosis of the knee joint;
- Osteoporosis of the shoulder joint;
- Osteoporosis of the thoracic spine;
- Diffuse osteoporosis.
Who is affected by osteoporosis
Constantly slimming girls and women are the mostOften undergo osteoporosis, as they cut themselves into food, and this in turn generates a lack of calcium in the body. Therefore, this group of girls almost 2 times increases the risk of the appearance of ailment. Therefore, the body must receive a full charge of calcium.
Not lovers of the sun
Vitamin D, which we get from the sun,Promotes the absorption of calcium in the body, if we experience a shortage of this vitamin, then all the efforts of the body, according to the assimilation of calcium, are in vain. Give at least 15 minutes a day to the sun, this at times will help you protect yourself from osteoporosis.
Representatives sedentary and sedentary imageLife is recommended to start active, as low physical activity reduces bone density, by almost 1% per week. We will tell you how to do this below.
Consequences of osteoporosis
The most frequent consequences of osteoporosis are, as alreadyWas said earlier, fractures of bones. In osteoporosis, bone fusion takes a very long time, and in addition, there is a great risk that the fracture, during the next two years, can repeat not only in the same place, but in the other.
A very serious consequence is a fractureNeck, which in 30% of people requires a long-term rehabilitation period. Here it is worth noting that the hip fracture is very terrible for the elderly, because at their age the bones coalesce for a very long time, and with the complex form of osteoporosis, the bones can not grow together at all - it often for ever grabs the elderly to bed, which is a verdict. We do not want to exaggerate the pain, but about 20% of older women who have a broken hip chained to their bed die in the next year after receiving this trauma (a fracture is indirect, but not a direct cause of death).
Diagnosis of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis can be diagnosed using an X-ray, using densitometry, which measures the density of bones. For this, a device called a densitometer is used.
In addition, both for diagnosis and forAppointment of a course of treatment of osteoporosis, a biochemical blood test is performed. The analysis should show how much and the ratio in your blood: phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase and, of course, calcium.
Treatment of osteoporosis
How to treat osteoporosis? Unfortunately, this question is posed to women, when they are already faced with this problem. But still, how to treat osteoporosis, if the doctor made you such a diagnosis? Let's not go deep into the details, therefore, as your doctor should tell you about this, we will list the methods of treating osteoporosis superficially, in the form of abstracts.
- The number one task is to eliminate the formation of bone fractures, since this is the most difficult to treat;
- The next stage in the treatment of osteoporosis is the suspension of loss and maintenance of bone mass gain;
- Providing the body with calcium;
- Taking medications, treatment with folk remedies in this case is not recommended;
- Physical activity. It can be as easy physical exercises (gymnastics or running), and simple presence in movement (walks, etc.);
- A healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition.
Prevention of osteoporosis
Preventive maintenance of an osteoporosis it is necessary to begin with earlyAge. Again, we turn to the sad statistics, which says that 25% of school-age children have a decrease in bone tissue. Therefore, as often as possible, give your child products containing calcium, for example milk and cottage cheese.
According to doctors, osteoporosis is getting younger and with everyoneYear indicator of the average age of their sick people is reduced, that is, the risk of osteoporosis appears even in women of mature age. The reason for this is poor nutrition and a lack of calcium in the amount necessary for the body. Moreover, we not only reduce the consumption of products containing calcium, but sometimes they simply do not eat.
As you probably already guessed,Preventive measures of osteoporosis are based on calcium, which will strengthen our bones. The most effective way of supplying calcium to our body is a healthy diet. Equally important and contributing to the absorption of calcium in the body products. We will tell you about the proper nutrition for osteoporosis below.
We can not fail to mention such an interesting factAs sex. It turns out that sexually active women very rarely encounter osteoporosis in view of the activity of hormones, this conclusion was made by Australian scientists. Therefore, prevention of osteoporosis can be carried out, and this method, together with her husband.
Nutrition for osteoporosis
The main carriers of calcium are dairyProducts, it is in them the calcium content is in ideal proportions with phosphorus, which in turn promotes the absorption of the calcium itself in the body. Establish a mandatory use of a minimum amount of calcium per day: two glasses of milk and a piece of hard cheese.
In addition to these products, there are others that contain calcium, its share is not as high as in milk, but, nevertheless, is present. These are the following products:
- Liver (beef or cod);
- Fish (most in sardines);
- Egg yolk,
- Green pea;
To enrich the body with calcium, drink steamMilk, this can be found in a grandmother in the village, and in urban conditions, choose ultrapasteurized milk. Why is that? When boiling, milk loses its useful properties, and calcium is no exception.
Be sure to give up harmful products: Fatty meat and semi-finished products. Carbonated drinks with dyes and sugar also fall into the prohibition zone. It is necessary to avoid the use of red meat, caffeine and chocolate, which interfere with the normal absorption of calcium.
Diet for Osteoporosis
Breakfast: 100g of oatmeal pour 1 cup of milk, add 5pcs of dried apricots, 1h spoon of ground nuts; You can finish the breakfast with a glass of orange juice.
The second breakfast: 100 g of cottage cheese with dried fruits.
Lunch: Vegetable soup and boiled beef with stew.
Afternoon snack: Cabbage casserole.
Dinner: Sardine, grilled and vegetables.
Breakfast: Pancakes in milk with sour cream and orange juice.
The second breakfast: Cottage cheese with oranges.
Lunch: Bean soup, for the second: a cutlet and mashed potatoes.
Afternoon snack: Curd casserole and green tea.
Dinner: Noodles with cheese and vegetable salad, a glass of milk.
The third day:
Breakfast: 2 cooked in steep eggs, toast with cheese and cherry tomato;
Second breakfast: Yogurt and bun;
Lunch: Pea soup and compote;
Snack: Pancakes with meat and a glass of milk;
Dinner: Baked fish with vegetables.
As you see every day in the menu is includedThe use of one glass of milk, if you carefully read this article, probably remembered that you need to drink at least 2 glasses of milk a day, so try to drink one more glass of milk every half hour before going to sleep.
For the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis you, inIt is necessary to move as much as possible. To do this, start your day with a small morning charge. Try to walk on the street at least 3 times a day, allocating a minimum of half an hour for a walk, while a walk should not be sitting in a bench.
For girls, as preventive measures of osteoporosis, we advise you to exercise: fitness, aerobics, swimming, etc.
The earlier you begin to prevent osteoporosis, the more chances you have for a healthy and long life.
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