Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) is an infectiousDisease of the lungs. This disease can be a complication from acute respiratory viral infections. The appearance of pneumonia is promoted by such factors as influenza and other respiratory diseases, infections, intoxications, hypothermia, etc. Inflammation of the lungs can be caused by both bacteria and the viral pathogen
Good to know:
- Proper prevention of influenza during the epidemic.
- Disease piggy - is it dangerous or not?
- What is ARVI treatment? Can I be treated at home?
Other causes of pneumonia
In very rare (we emphasize - in very rare)Cases, the cause of inflammation of the lungs may be a complication of other injuries and infections, which, it would seem, do not concern pneumonia in any way. This is due to the fact that the lungs, in addition to the liver and kidneys, also perform the purifying function of the body and filter blood. As soon as we get any trauma, and bacteria get into the blood, our lungs begin to perform the function of filtration. Like any filter, performing its function, the lungs can also clog, which causes plugging and damage to the pulmonary vessels - this leads to inflammation of the lungs. Accordingly, any secondary ailment can lead to inflammation of the lungs.
Also, to serve as an inflammation of the lungs, bacteria, for example streptococcus, staphylococcus, pneumococcus, etc., that directly enter our lungs and can cause pneumonia, can.
In detail, these two causes of inflammation of the lungs in our article, we will not dwell, since this happens very rarely.
Is it possible to catch pneumonia?
Very often we ask ourselves: Can I get pneumonia or not? As mentioned earlier, inflammation of the lungs is not an independent disease, it is caused by various complicating factors, for example, as is often the case, the result of a complication of respiratory viral infection. Accordingly, if pneumonia, or pneumonia, is not an independent disease, then it can not be infected.
But how then to explain the fact that sometimes,After an inflammation of the lungs, one person became ill, and the one who was next to him could fall ill !? The answer is very simple. Directly, the inflammation of the lungs is not transmitted and it is not contagious, but the impetus (viral infection) can be transmitted. In order to better understand this, let's take an example. One person fell ill with ARVI, and it gave a complication in the form of pneumonia. The pneumonia itself can not be transmitted, but the impetus is a respiratory viral infection, it can be transmitted from one person to another. And whether this virus infection can develop in another person, and result in inflammation of the lungs, it is very difficult to predict, everything will be veiled by its immunity and timeliness of the treatment begun. Simply put, not the inflammation of the lungs is transmitted, but the risk of its occurrence, from a viral infection, is transmitted.
Classification of pneumonia
Pneumonia is classified as follows:
Focal - to be located in a small area of the lung;
Segmental - formed on one or more segments of the lung;
Share - when the capture of only the lobe of the lung takes place;
Drain - when merging small foci into large large ones;
Total - the most complex form of pneumonia, in which pneumonia occurs all the lungs.
Inflammation of the lungs is one-sided and bilateral. When unilateral inflammation affects only one lung, with bilateral inflammation - both.
How does the inflammation of the lungs in the body
If you do not want to delve into the essence of the entire process of inflammation of the lungs, we will first describe this process in brief.
Inflammation of the lungs is caused by the appearance of a largeThe number of bacteria and viruses in the body, which is a consequence of the complication of acute respiratory viral infection. Viral infection, to which a person does not have immunity, causes an inflammatory process in the bronchi. Because of the inflammatory processes in the bronchi, a large amount of mucus accumulates, resulting in poor ventilation of the lungs, resulting in accumulated bacteria begin to multiply - this is the cause of inflammation of the lungs. Now for those who are interested, we will talk about this process in more detail.
In the vast majority of cases, the most frequentWay of penetration of the virus into our lungs, is bronchogenic, getting there by airborne droplets, that is, when we inhale the virus through the mouth or through the nose. After that, the virus penetrates into the cells of the respiratory tract and lung cells, as a result of which these very cells die. Lymphocytes and other blood cells activate cytokines, which give rise to fluid accumulation in the lungs. This process leads to a violation of oxygen metabolism, which causes inflammation. Our body reflexively tries to restore the normal functioning of the respiratory system by sneezing and coughing. As a result, coughing and sneezing do not bring anything, but only exacerbate the situation, spreading the infection, forming new foci of pneumonia.
What contributes to the development of pneumonia
It is worth noting that the development of pneumonia may have the following factors:
- Congenital or acquired heart defects;
- Birth injury;
- Chronic infections in the nasopharynx;
- Frequent bronchitis (be sure to read the article on how to cure bronchitis);
- Chronic diseases of the lungs;
- Heart failure;
- Surgical operations;
- Alcoholism and smoking.
Symptoms of inflammation of the lungs
Inflammation of the lungs is accompanied, as in casesAppearance in children, and in cases of appearance in adults, the same symptoms. Especially for you we list them. So, the first signs of pneumonia:
- High fever;
- Cough with a lot of sputum;
- Headache and muscle pain;
- Shortness of breath;
- Chroches in the lungs;
- Lack of appetite.
The list of symptoms directly depends on the virus pathogen, so this list may, as some items be deleted, be supplemented.
How to identify pneumonia
From the correct diagnosis of inflammation of the lungsVery much depends, from prevention of occurrence of possible complications of an illness and reduction of terms of its treatment, and at wrong - the lethal outcome is possible.
Very often treatment of colds weWe do it ourselves, at home, and, therefore, in rare cases, we call a doctor who can diagnose this ailment (although there are also doctors in the pair who can not identify and diagnose pneumonia themselves). Therefore, as a result of the fact that the symptoms of pneumonia are very similar to the symptoms of a viral infection, we can not diagnose it, and this in turn leads to complications.
How to be in this situation? There is a group of symptoms that gives rise to Suspect Presence of inflammation of the lungs, and this:
- Cough becomes the main symptom of the disease;
- If you experience a deterioration of well-being after improvement;
- If the ailment lasts more than 7 days;
- With a deep breath, an attack of cough begins;
- If your skin is clearly pale;
- When antipyretic drugs do not bring effect;
- Permanent shortness of breath.
Immediately specify that the listed symptoms are notAre one hundred percent proof of the presence of pneumonia, they only give the prerequisites to suspect this ailment. If you have such symptoms, during the illness, you must call the doctor to check if you have pneumonia.
Diagnosis of inflammation of the lungs
Diagnose inflammation of the lungs alone,Without possession of special medical knowledge, it is very difficult, if not to say that this is impossible, we can only suspect it. Diagnosis of pneumonia can only be done by a doctor based on the information he has received, namely:
- To learn from you what symptoms accompanied the disease and how it proceeded;
- Using a stethoscope, listen to your lungs and tap them with your fingers.
Based on this, a qualified doctorCan determine the possible presence of pneumonia. In order to obtain more accurate information, if there is a suspicion of pneumonia, the doctor may decide to refer the patient to the X-ray of the lungs, and to give directions for the delivery of tests. Based on the tests and X-ray, the doctor can more accurately diagnose pneumonia.
Here it is worth noting that in countries such as the United StatesDiagnose inflammation of the lungs can only be based on an X-ray. This is due to the fact that in America all medicine is based on insurance, and in order to reimburse the private clinic for the costs of treating the patient, the insurance company needs actual confirmation of the presence of this disease, therefore, x-ray is a mandatory and necessary procedure. As for the opinion of the World Health Organization in this regard, it is this, that the doctor can diagnose lung inflammation on the basis of clinical symptoms. That is, if the physician is qualified, then on the basis of symptoms and data obtained as a result of the examination, he can determine or suspect this ailment, fluoroscopy in this case, according to WHO is not a necessity. Unfortunately, in our country if you are diagnosed with pneumonia, then you must send for x-rays, but it's still half the trouble, and so, because of your inexperience, the doctor in general can not pinpoint this disease at all.
How to treat pneumonia
Probably, it's not a secret for anyone that inflammation of the lungs is treated with antibiotics. But here it is worth highlighting a few nuances.
- Antibiotics should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor, and not as often many think: "A friend or husband was discharged, so it will suit me", the following point follows from this;
- Antibiotics should be prescribed based on the individual characteristics of the patient: the state of his health, the alleged cause of the disease pneumonia, the presence of allergies to this drug, etc .;
- The method of administration of an antibiotic in the body depends onThe nature of pneumonia, so that he as quickly as possible reached the focus of inflammation, so it does not necessarily have to be injections, it may well be sprays and pills.
Typically, if the patient chose treatmentPneumonia at home, and refused hospitalization, the doctor prescribes broad-spectrum antibiotics. If antibiotics do not bring positive dynamics, then others are appointed.
Also, in addition to antibiotics,Expectorant drugs that facilitate the phlegm withdrawal. This is a very important point, since without normal sputum excretion, we can not normalize the work of our lungs, and in particular to achieve their full ventilation (as we described earlier). Please note that the cough drugs are divided into 2 types: those that contribute to the production of sputum and facilitate cough and those that weaken and "destroy the cough", this you must take into account when choosing and buying a medicine.
After the temperature decreases and there is observedPositive dynamics to recovery, are beginning to actively use physiotherapy and massage, as these events significantly accelerate the process of recovery.
In practice, there are cases when inflammationLungs, after a while, can be repeated. The first step is to study the cause of relapse of pneumonia. This fact can often lead to improper treatment, that is, improperly selected medications, incorrect diagnosis of pneumonia, and the like. Also, the causes of frequent pneumonia may be a violation of immunity, or an unfavorable atmosphere in the home.
Treatment of inflammation of the lungs with folk remedies
Separately we want to touch the treatment of pneumoniaPopular methods. In view of the fact that inflammation of the lungs is an extremely serious illness, it is necessary to approach its treatment with great vigilance, for good reason the need for timely diagnosis of pneumonia, we paid a large block of our article. In our opinion, with which many medics are in agreement, the treatment of pneumonia must be carried out exclusively with the help of traditional medicine. The final argument that must convince you of this is the fact that improper and ineffective treatment of pneumonia can lead to death, and traditional medicine can not be called effective. Having a wide range of medicines, which quickly and effectively promotes recovery, use old, questionable and not guaranteeing results, folk methods - is not logical.
So, we will summarize the above:
- If your infectious disease includes the seven symptoms listed above, and you assume that you have pneumonia - no self-medication, call a doctor.
- If necessary, take all the relevant tests, so that the doctor can diagnose pneumonia and select, according to the results obtained, the course of treatment.
- No treatment with folk remedies.
Prevention of inflammation of the lungs
Many of you, probably, are interested in the question: Whether it is possible somehow to warn itself against an inflammation of lungs. Due to the fact that pneumonia is not an independent disease, preventive measures should be aimed at preventing diseases that can cause pneumonia. In view of the fact that frequent causes of pneumonia are acute respiratory infections and influenza, first of all, preventive measures should be aimed at "not getting sick" with these viral infections, which we described in the article about how to treat ARVI.
If you become infected with a viral infection, thenTry to quickly and effectively cure it, thereby not giving chances of the appearance of pneumonia. Ensure normal excretion of phlegm so that it does not accumulate in the lungs. To do this, use the appropriate medication in the form of syrups or tablets. Be sure to ventilate the room and perform a wet cleaning. Be sure to strengthen your immunity so that he has the strength to fight viruses.
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