It is with this introduction that we want to begin ourArticle, which they decided to devote to allergies. People who have persistent allergic reactions experience tremendous discomfort, ranging from a runny nose, sneezing and rashes, ending with the swelling of individual parts of the body and other consequences, up to a lethal outcome. How to identify an allergen and cure an allergy? We will try to answer all these questions in this article.
What is an allergy?
To start, to start telling you about allergies, you need to tell what it is and why it happens.
Allergy is a condition where our immuneThe system experiences increased sensitivity when the allergen is re-exposed to it. Let's explain this in more detail. The reason for the allergy is that substances that are carriers of foreign genetic information enter our body. If our immune system does not cope with the pathogen, the pathogens can penetrate through the blood to our cells. In the cells, however, there are histamine and serotonin, when the allergen meets the antibody of the cell, it explodes and the inflammatory mediators (histamine and serotonin) eject, which leads to an allergic reaction of our body. It can manifest in many ways: inflammation of the nasal mucosa and eyes, redness of the skin and rashes, edema, etc.
Allergen can enter our body in three ways:
- Oral: when the allergen enters our body with food;
- Through the respiratory tract: when we inhale the allergen;
- Contact: when we come into contact with the allergen.
In addition, the allergy is of two types: year-round and seasonal.
To allergic allergies include those allergies to which we are constantly exposed, for example, it may be allergies to dust, food, household chemicals, etc.
Seasonal allergy occurs only during the flowering period of certain plants, for example, flowering of trees (April-May), or ragwort bloom (mid-summer).
What causes allergy
Allergens can act as substances that have a direct allergenic effect, and substances that are carriers of allergens. The most common allergens are:
- Home dust;
- Pollen of plants;
- Food products;
- Insect bites;
- Household chemicals.
Symptoms of an allergy
With an allergic reaction, our body experiences the following inflammatory processes, which, in fact, are signs of an allergy:
- Edema of the nasal mucosa, runny nose, tingling, which causes sneezing;
- Redness, pain and tearing of the eyes (allergic conjunctivitis);
- Shortness of breath, shortness of breath, etc .;
- Pain in the ears, hearing loss;
- Skin rashes, diathesis, dermatitis, hives, etc .;
- Increased temperature.
Diagnosis of allergies
Diagnosis of allergies can be listedThe above are indicative, but thanks to them, you will only be able to identify the fact of having an allergy, but not the allergen itself. Of course, you can assume that it is an allergen, but for the diagnosis and treatment of allergies you need to consult an allergist.
To identify an allergen, an allergist should knowWhat symptoms you are experiencing, when and after which the reaction to the allergen is manifested. After this, a small amount of the putative allergen is injected into certain areas of the body, by injection, or into previously made scratches. If, in response, to the introduced putative allergen, reddening appeared on the skin, it means that it is the cause of the allergy.
Types of allergies
In the first place, we put this formAllergies as food, because they are the most common. As you might have guessed from the title, the cause of food allergy is the use of products that contain an allergen.
The foods that most often cause us food allergy are:
- Milk and dairy products;
In addition to these products, foods that contain dyes, preservatives, chemical additives, flavor enhancers, flavors and the like can cause food allergy.
You can get rid of food allergy byExclude the use of the allergen product from their diet. In addition, the cause of allergies may not be one, but a group of products. Determine the group of allergen products can be done by putting the tests, or by taking them, and identifying them when an allergic reaction occurs.
Second place among allergies is respiratory allergy. With respiratory allergy through the nose, in the inhaled air, the smallest particles of allergens enter our body, it can be:
- Pollen of plants;
- Moldy mushrooms;
- Wool of domestic animals, etc.
To diagnose the allergen in this case it is possible as an exclusion method, so by putting the appropriate tests.
Get rid of respiratory allergies can also be an exception to the source of allergies. Spend as often as possible wet cleaning, wipe the dust and ventilate the apartment.
This kind of allergies appears when the skin of the body contacts the allergen:
- Household chemicals;
- The sun;
- Sea or chlorinated water, etc.
When in contact with the allergen, rashes immediately appear on our skin: dermatitis, urticaria, contact dermatitis, etc.
In view of the fact that allergic dermatosisAre instantaneous, it will be easy for you to establish the cause of the allergic reaction. In order to rule out a further allergic reaction, you need to avoid contact with the allergen.
Drug allergy occurs with the use of certain medications:
- Vaccines, etc.
This type of allergy manifests itself in the form of itching, rashes, suffocation, anaphylactic shock, etc.
This type of allergy is a reaction to insect bites:
- Bees and wasps;
- Other insects.
The allergy to insect bites is manifested by the swelling of the tissues, rash, urticaria and general malaise.
- Review tips, than to treat stomatitis in the home.
Treatment of allergies
When there is an allergic reaction of the body,Take medications that help reduce the body's reaction to an allergen. For example, it can be a drug "Diazolin", which will remove: itchy skin, rashes, allergic inflammation of the nasal mucosa, has analgesic effect. For treatment also special ointments from rashes on the skin and eye drops are attracted. If medications did not help, your immunity could not overcome the allergen and the allergic reaction has a relapse, then consult a doctor without fail.
Allergy treatment is performed in three stages:
- Establishment of an allergen;
- Drug therapy;
Establishment of an allergen
First of all, the allergist should find out what exactly causes your body an allergic reaction (we described this a little above).
When an allergen is detected, it is appliedDrug therapy in order to facilitate the development of a hypersensitive reaction and to have an anti-inflammatory effect. For this, the following drugs are used:
- Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.
Since the allergy is the resultThe inability of immunity to overcome the antigen, then the treatment will be to help the immune system cope with this antigen. For this purpose, antigen is introduced in small amounts so that we develop immunity to it and the organism does not react to it with a hypersensitive reaction. Thanks to this method, you can completely cure allergies.
Causes of an increase in the incidence of allergies
According to WHO, over the past 20 years,The incidence of various types of allergies has increased almost 4-fold. First of all, this is due to the fact that we increasingly pay attention to sterilization and hygiene. As a result of this, our immune system, which must constantly be in the fight against something, does not contact antigens. As a result, the immune system weakens and can not cope even with simple allergens. Characteristically, the incidence of allergy in the third world is several times less than in developed countries.
The second cause of morbidityAn allergy, is the great growth of products that contain chemical components. It is food that often causes allergic reactions in humans. This includes household chemical products, which include chemicals that negatively affect our body, resulting in an allergic reaction.
Predisposition to allergies is transmitted toGenetic level. If one of the parents had an allergy to one or another allergen, then this can be transmitted to the future child, respectively, the person is already born with a predisposition to an allergic reaction to this allergen.
With this article read:
How to strengthen immunity
Immunity is one of the important components of our health. If our immunity is weakened, then this is
How to cure a cold
In a few days, autumn will come, which will open a period of catarrhal diseases. From appearance
How to cure a sore throat
It seems that there are no infections and epidemics, and you have become very ill with that for no reason at all
Symptoms and Treatment of Neurosis
Neurosis. This disease increasingly covers our society. Neurosis confidently captures us, his
Rashes on the face
Perhaps, every girl cares about the beauty of her skin, especially the skin of her face. We have already
How to treat a cold
Continuing our medical theme, this time, we decided to tell you about how to treat a cold.
How to cure a cough
We have already told you how to treat a cold, and it would be perfectly correct to continue our
Today's article we want to devote again to health, namely, the health of the eyes. Very often we
Contraceptives for girls
In one of our last articles, we talked about how to have sex for the first time. In this