What is neurosis?
Neurosis is a group of functional mentalDisorders of the nervous system. Many known scientists worked on the study of the causes of the onset of neuroses, and each of them advanced his own version of their origin.
Indeed, it is very difficult to say why weThere is a neurosis. The human body is individual and each of us faces a variety of psychological problems, and each such problem lays its imprint on our nervous system. In general terms, the neurosis is preceded by the following factors: the character of the person, the conditions of education, relationships (within the family, in the team and with the surrounding people), success in business and much more.
Most of us are susceptible to neuroses in mindA complex physical and moral load, an incorrect way of life and stressful situations. Neuroses in children and adolescents are also not uncommon, in view of again a complex physical and mental load, heavy relationships in the team, in the family, etc.
Before we list the specific causes of neurosis, let us consider its types.
Types of neuroses
Neuroses can actually be divided into three groups:
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder;
Let us consider each of these groups superficially.
Neurasthenia is affected by the group of people whoOften feel irritated. This irritation can be both because of people, and because of itself. That is, you irritate people's actions, their personal characteristics, or their own mistakes and dissatisfaction with themselves. With neurasthenia, people do not see problems in themselves, but blame all around, finding a variety of reasons justifying them and blaming others.
With the obsessive-compulsive disorder of a personIt is subject to fears, for example fear of loneliness, treason, approach of any situation, etc. In the neurosis of compulsive states, as a rule, a person understands the unfoundedness of emotions and fears, but can not help himself.
Hysteria for the most part predominates in the femaleParts of the population. Hysteria can often be a means of achieving specific goals or a protective reaction. Let's take a look at the examples so that these two points are clearer. In some cases, hysterical reactions are a means of protection, for example, when, with a minor family quarrel, the patient starts to hysterize, feel sorry for themselves, think up, etc., in a word playing the role of a victim to stop and pity the opponent. The second kind of hysterical reactions as a method of protection is aggressive, when in the same situations the patient starts to hysterical, but does not act as a victim, but rather wants to intimidate the opponent, for example, threatening to kill him or threatening to commit suicide. As for hysterical reactions as a means of achieving goals, in this case they are used by the patient as a means of achieving the desired, for example, if the patient is denied something, the hysterical reaction manifests itself as a way of pitying, and as a psychic reaction to failure.
Causes of Neurosis
The causes of neuroses can be very diverse, so let's look at those that most often lead to this disease.
- Exhaustion of the nervous system
Exhaustion of the nervous system is preceded by: a large number of problems, stressful situations, experiences, conflicts, dissatisfaction with oneself, a series of failures, and so on.
Speaking about specific situations, it is: Family quarrels, a difficult financial situation, stress due to some news, experiences about work, studies or relationships, conflicts within the family or team, and many other situations.
Emotional, mental and physical overloadVery much affect our nervous system. Absence of a full rest in full - very much influences both our nervous system and the general state of the body.
This can be facilitated by: a dense work or training schedule, complex physical training, lack of proper sleep, etc.
Different types of dependencies directly affectOn the occurrence of neuroses. Under dependencies, many immediately understand alcohol dependence, drug dependence and nicotine dependence, but in addition there is also computer addiction, Internet addiction, game addiction and other addictions that are no less harmful. All these dependencies contribute to the emergence of neuroses.
Reduced immunity is another reasonThe appearance of neuroses. In this regard, our body loses energy and is prone to various ailments. Because of weakness, we become sluggish, irritable and nervously unstable, which leads to neurosis.
Symptoms of a neurosis
What are the signs of a neurosis? - Neurosis can manifest as hidden, and obvious symptoms, let's consider them.
- Chronic fatigue and fatigue
If you constantly feel tired even in the morning, after having slept or quickly get tired even with insignificant physical activity, then this is probably all due to neurosis.
- Emotional Stress
You are constantly in suspense, you are visited by some obsessive thoughts, experiences, etc. - if this is observed for a fairly long time, then this can be a neurosis.
- Emotional outbursts
Stormy and sometimes even inadequate reactions to certain situations - also a sign of neurosis.
- Mood swings
Frequent mood changes without any reason - this is a clear sign of the presence of a neurosis.
You absolutely annoy everything, even the most trivial situations: a bright light, a girlfriend's blouse, colleague's stories and much more.
You take everything to heart, even in the most innocuous situations, you want to cry, move away from everyone in a cozy dark room, hiding from all the negative phenomena.
- Sleep disturbance
Another frequent sign of a neurosis is a violationSleep. Sleep disorders consist in the fact that you can not sleep for a long time, or you often wake up at night or do not actually sleep at all. This also includes frequent nightmares.
How to Cure a Neurosis
The treatment of neurosis is a rather complicated process. In each case, it requires an individual approach. If you have symptoms that are somehow similar to the symptomatic picture of a neurosis, then consult a therapist.
First you need to establish the reasonsThe appearance of a neurosis and eliminate them. As a rule, it is necessary to adhere to the principles of a healthy lifestyle. In some cases it is recommended to change the place of work, since very often it is hard work that becomes one of the factors of the appearance of a neurosis.
When diagnosing neurosis is recommendedLong rest. It can be a trip both to the sea and to a medical sanatorium. To restore the nervous system at first, complete rest is needed. If necessary, psychological sessions can be prescribed if the neurosis has reached a serious scale.
Also with neuroses, medicamentoustreatment. In particular, the drug Nervochel is very effective. Along with this drug, other sedatives are prescribed, and if necessary even antidepressants.
Prophylaxis of neuroses
In view of the fact that neurosis is a very common disease, every person should take preventive measures to avoid his appearance.
First of all, it is necessary to adhere toHealthy lifestyle. A full 8-hour dream is very important, and this is very important. Most importantly, sleep helps restore the strength that was wasted during the day. And besides, the dream is an amazing process, concealing a large number of riddles and it is during sleep that our brain "digests" everything that happened during the day and everything that worries us. After all, for sure you noticed that what you experienced in the evening, the morning after sleep is not so worried. Therefore, pay great attention to a sound and healthy sleep.
Also, give time and proper rest, it is necessary both for recovery and for a psychological state.
And, of course, avoid stress and worry. If you notice irritability behind yourself, then soothe sedation.
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