Last time, in the subject of health, we toldYou about the treatment of rubella. This time, as if continuing the logical chain of articles on health, we want to talk about such a phenomenon as jaundice. Many people consider jaundice an illness, but it is not, jaundice is a symptom that can be caused by the consequence of various diseases. In the article, we would like to talk more about this symptom complex: what causes its appearance, how it proceeds and how to treat it.

A big problem for our society isThe fact that we always try to get treatment at home, even though we have absolutely no idea about the diseases that are ill and which we are trying to treat ourselves on our own. This includes jaundice, as many believe that this is an independent disease.

Jaundice and liver

What is jaundice?

Jaundice is a complex of symptoms caused byAccumulation in tissues and in the blood of bilirubin, which manifests itself in the form of body coloration and eye proteins in yellow. Jaundice can get sick absolutely everything: both adults and children. Jaundice can provoke quite a lot of diseases and they are all quite different.

There are 2 types of jaundice: true and false. True jaundice is caused by the causes described above, and the false jaundice is shown for innocuous reasons, the symptoms of which are visually similar to it. For example, false jaundice can cause a prolonged and abundant use of yellow foods: carrots, pumpkins, beets, oranges, etc., when the true jaundice has more complex causes, for example, disruption of the liver.

Causes of jaundice

In our body there are red blood cells - redBlood cells. Erythrocytes are very necessary for us, since they spread oxygen and carbon dioxide through our bodies. The erythrocytes themselves live up to 120 days, and in view of their large number, they die almost every day - about 1% of the total number of red blood cells. In destroyed erythrocytes is a substance called bilirubin.

Bilirubin itself is a yellow pigment and in itThere is poisonousness. Accordingly, if it is toxic, it is dangerous for our body. Therefore, this poisonousness must somehow be a suppressed organism. Knowledgeable readers of our site, right away, guessed that the suppression of the bilirubin's toxicity is due to the liver - and will be absolutely right. The only organ that is a filter in our body is the liver, it neutralizes the "bad" bilirubin, making it "good", after which it is excreted from the body. Actually disturbance of the formation of bilirubin, its neutralization and excretion - can lead to the appearance of jaundice. As you understand, jaundice is a symptom of a disease that breaks the bilirubin system in the body. In fact, the cause of jaundice can be very much, so it is called a symptom complex. All the complexes of symptoms we will try to consider a little later, having told briefly about their treatment.

How does jaundice appear

Many girls and women are interested in: Is jaundice contagious? If you carefully read the article, then for sure you answered this question for yourself, if not, then we will help you. So, if jaundice is not a disease, but only a symptom of some disease, then by the logic of things it is clear that jaundice itself is not contagious. If we talk about the diseases that cause jaundice, in some cases there are diseases that are still contagious.

Lack of jaundice

How is jaundice transmitted

Most often, jaundice is a sign of "unwashed hands" andInfected products that we use. One of the most common causes of jaundice is hepatitis A, which can be in water or on unwashed fruits and vegetables.

Can I get jaundice? - Yes! Jaundice can be infected, but only one that occurs with hepatitis A or Botkin's disease. Infection can occur with a kiss or if you take food from one dish with a person with hepatitis A. The hepatitis A virus can persist in water for about 3 months. Most often because of hepatitis A jaundice, children become infected, as they are difficult to force to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene, the most common reason for the appearance of jaundice is the eating of food with dirty hands. This of course applies to adults, but to a lesser extent. In other cases, the diseases caused by jaundice are not transmitted from person to person.

Mechanical jaundice - when jaundice arisesWith obstruction of the bile ducts, appears due to disturbances in the functioning of the organism, and accordingly it can not be transmitted in any way. The same goes for problems with the destruction of red blood cells.

Read also: What is the disease of mumps and what can be the consequences.

Signs of jaundice

Let's now consider the first symptoms of jaundice. First, jaundice begins with the usual symptomatic picture: weakness, malaise, fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting.

Clear signs of jaundice

How does jaundice manifest itself? Of course, one of the most obvious causes of jaundice itself is the dyeing of the skin of the body and eyeballs in yellow. Also a sign of jaundice is dark urine (it resembles the color of a dark beer), as well as discolored feces.

If you found the aboveSigns, then always consult a doctor, and limit communication with people. Also it is necessary to eat from a separate dish, and after eating the dishes should be thoroughly washed and treated with boiling water. Diagnosis jaundice is only a doctor who will prescribe a course of treatment. It is important to note that diseases that cause jaundice are treated in the hospital, so, most likely, you will need hospitalization. Jaundice lasts from one to three weeks.

Treatment of jaundice

Treatment of jaundice is performed in the form of treatmentDiseases that caused it. Basically, the body cures itself of jaundice, but in complicated cases additional measures in treatment can be applied. If you do not pay enough attention to jaundice, then this can lead to very serious consequences, in the most difficult case - from the need for a new liver transplant, up to a lethal outcome.

Jaundice in children

How to treat jaundice in complex forms

When infectious hepatitis should be treatedInfected with the virus, antiviral drugs are used for this. Also, hepatitis is toxic, in which an antidote must be introduced into the body.

If the cause of jaundice is a violation of the outflow of bile, it is necessary to establish its cause and, if necessary, to perform a medication or operation to eliminate this cause.

In the case where the cause of jaundice isViolation of the destruction of erythrocytes, it is necessary to establish the cause of this violation. It can be eliminated as medication, and in especially difficult cases by blood transfusion.

Jaundice in children

Very often parents find out from theirChild signs of jaundice. Of course, vigilance must be maintained in any case, but it should not be too fanatical. Often parents confuse jaundice and similar signs. Children often have a higher bilirubin level, and this is quite normal, in most cases this is the result of the Gilbert Syndrome - a syndrome of elevated bilirubin level. In this there is nothing terrible, again we will repeat - this is quite normal phenomenon, and if this diagnosis is put to your child, then this syndrome should be controlled from time to time, and then everything will be in order. There is jaundice in children as well as in adults, there are no differences here.

Diet for jaundice

Now let's look at what you can eat whenJaundice. Since with jaundice the liver is very severely affected, and the food we eat directly interacts with the liver, then nutrition needs to be given special attention. As you understand, in order to facilitate the life of the liver, it is necessary to eat "light foods". Your diet should be in the majority of carbohydrate foods and very desirable fat-free. Fruits and vegetables should be the basis of your diet, before using them must be thoroughly washed. Do not eat heavy food: fatty, fried, smoked, spicy, sweet, and also alcohol. Drink as much as possible mineral water, as well as freshly squeezed fruit juices.

Jaundice in newborns

Prevention of jaundice

If you want to prevent yourself from appearingJaundice, then first of all it is necessary to protect oneself from the appearance of hepatitis A in the body. In short we already described what is the consequence of the appearance of this disease in the body, but nevertheless we will repeat. Any food, especially fruits and vegetables, should be well washed before consuming them, or before preparing them.

Refuse the water from the spring and from the tap,Or use them after a thorough boiling. Doctors recommend using only proven and certified water, both for drinking and cooking.

The last preventive method of treatment of jaundiceIs a vaccination. In Russia, vaccination against hepatitis A is mandatory, and is introduced to all children, if the parents did not give a written refusal. The answer to the question: whether it is worth doing a vaccination against hepatitis A or not - everyone will do it themselves. In view of the fact that hepatitis A can leave its negative trace in the body for the rest of his life, that is, he will not pass without a trace, or will lead to complex consequences, albeit with a very small degree of probability, in this case it is best to vaccinate . Moreover, about the need to vaccinate against hepatitis A are almost all doctors.