Continuing to tell you, our lovelyReaders, about "childhood" diseases, we want in this article to touch a disease such as rubella. Rubella itself is a non-dangerous disease that occurs quite in a mild form - in children and, in principle, in adults. In pregnant women, the course of the disease can cause very serious negative consequences, but not for the future mother, but for the fetus. It is for this reason that we want to draw your attention to the seriousness of this issue and to warn you against the negative consequences.

Rubella in a child

What is rubella and what are its features

Rubella is a viral infectious disease,Which manifests itself in the form of rashes on the body of red color. Rubella is most easily tolerated by children, and is more complex than adults, but for pregnant girls, rubella can end rather badly.

A person who has vaccinated against rubella or has recovered from it - has a strong immunity to the disease, that is, it is impossible to re-infect rubella.

Rubella in pregnancy

If the girl got rubella in the first months of pregnancy, and the presence of this infectious disease was confirmed, the doctor can offer to terminate the pregnancy by making an abortion.

Consequences of rubella for pregnant women

The negative consequences of rubella for humansIll her - no. That is, after infection, approximately 7 days later, the sick person completely recovers and no complications were seen. The main thing is to observe several rules, then the disease will pass much faster.

Now with regard to pregnant girls. As it was said earlier, there is no danger for the mother herself and there are no negative consequences, but for the child there is. In 50% of cases of rubella infection, it puts the fruit at risk of emergence:

  • Deafness;

  • Cataracts and problems with the eyes;

  • Defects of the heart;

  • Diseases of the blood;

  • Delays in mental development;

  • Defects of bone tissue;

  • Encephalitis.

It is for these reasons, so as not to exposeDanger of a child, it is recommended to have an abortion. When rubella is ill in late pregnancy, the decision regarding the life of the future child is made on the basis of the tests and ultrasound examination performed. As a rule, in late pregnancy, the child has already formed all organs, so the danger of negative consequences is much less.

Rubella in pregnancy

Symptoms of rubella

The symptoms of rubella are as follows: First the patient rises body temperature and begins a headache, then there is a feeling of general malaise, after which in the neck and head begin to appear characteristic rashes of red that spread throughout the body. The rash is in more quantity on the face, back and in the buttock area. It is impossible not to note the positive fact that the rash on the face and other areas of the skin with rubella does not itch, which is good, not as with chickenpox.

Rash with rubella

After the appearance of the first symptoms: Malaise and fever, the first rashes appear, as a rule, after 48 hours and cover the whole body for several hours. The rash rests on a body of the order of three, sometimes up to seven days. It is unnecessary to smear and process anything - it will pass by itself.

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Treating rubella

The most interesting is that for the treatment itselfRubella - there are no medications, that is, the disease itself passes. The only thing that you can take is antipyretic drugs that will help improve well-being and reduce fever. During the period of illness it is necessary to comply with bed rest and drink as much liquid as possible. Of course, be sure to call a doctor who will check whether you really have rubella, and not some allergies, etc.

Another very important point - during illnessIt is strictly forbidden to contact pregnant women. If you are pregnant and someone from your family gets rubella, then it is very desirable for you to stay apart for a few days until the patient recover.

Pregnant girls with the first symptoms of rubella need to call a doctor at the house. If your suspicions are confirmed by the doctor - then he will tell you about what needs to be done in this situation.

Rash with rubella

Prevention of rubella

Rubella prevention is vaccination, we'll talk about it a little later. Now let's talk about household methods of preventing rubella.

First of all, you should avoid contact withPeople sick with rubella, so as not to get infected. The likelihood that a person who did not contract rubella get infected with her on contact with a sick person - has a very high degree. You also need to maintain your immunity so that he can fight with various kinds of viral infections, including rubella.

Sometimes some mothers for some reason speciallyProvoke the situation, so that their children get rubella. Motivating it with the fact that it is better to let the child get sick with this ailment in childhood, and the child will develop immunity to rubella, than to vaccinate or to be ill with it in adulthood. But it, to tell the truth, reminds history when the owner wished to cut off a tail to the dog, but not to do it too painfully - cut off it in parts. If you want to save your child from rubella in adulthood, let alone a daughter who has a risk of getting rubella during pregnancy, then it should not be infected as a child, but vaccinated.

Whether to do or make an inoculation from a rubella or not

Vaccination for rubella for todayIs made for all children aged one year, 6 and 12 years. If, for some reason, your child has not been vaccinated against rubella, then it is recommended to do it, especially the girls. Yes, despite the fact that rubella can be easily transferred, it can cause very tragic consequences for a pregnant girl.

Physicians strongly recommend doing thisInoculation. Girls who plan to conceive a child, but do not have a rubella vaccine and do not hurt her, should definitely do it, not less than 3 months before the conception itself.