Hormonal disruptions in modern women - notrarity. The attitude to this phenomenon of most of the fair sex is rather contemptuous - but in vain! After all, hormonal disorders are the main cause of all "female" diseases and problems with childbearing function. Therefore, in time to identify them and start appropriate treatment is very important for women's health and well-being.

Causes of hormonal failure in women

Hormonal failures in women

What are the causes of hormonal imbalance inWomen? In fact, there are several of them, and it's possible to find out exactly what causes this or that hormonal failure in a woman, only the doctor can after a scrupulous investigation (ultrasound of pelvic organs, a blood test for hormones, laparoscopy, a history of the disease).

The most common factors that cause hormonal breakdowns are:

- genetic predisposition, congenitalThe "defect" of the female hormonal system is a rather complex phenomenon from the point of view of treatment, Requires thorough research and timely complex treatment. As a rule, it is worth the trouble to start beating if there is a primary amenorrhea - a complete absence of menstruation by the age of 16;

- transferred infections - as transmittedSexual intercourse (chlamydia, trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, gonorrhea, syphilis), and not having any relation to sexual life (frequent ARI, sore throats in childhood, weakening immunity);

- disruption of the endocrine system,Certainly, are also the direct causes of hormonal failure in a woman - these can be diseases of the thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands;

- a number of diseases, including frequent migraines, bronchial asthma, atherosclerosis, uterine fibroids, polycystic ovaries, breast cysts;

- surgical intervention in the abdominal region,In particular, in the area of ​​female internal genital organs. Especially from this point of view, artificial abortions are dangerous - they entail such severe hormonal breakdowns that they can result in incurable infertility;

- the transferred stress, nervous breakdown often entails disrupting the work of hormones, including women's;

- certain periods of a woman's life associated withChanges in the hormonal background (puberty in adolescence, pregnancy and childbirth, menopause in women) are also often associated with hormonal failures. And in some cases they also need "adjustment", treatment.

Symptoms of hormonal failure in women

Hormonal failures in women

Depending on the period of developmentGenital function and the formation of the female reproductive system is the body, distinguish a number of characteristic symptoms of hormonal disorders. Let's consider each of them in detail.

Symptoms of hormonal failure in adolescent girls:

- absence of menstruation (or irregularity) at 16 years;
- underdevelopment of mammary glands;
- excessive hair on the body or complete absence of it;
- pronounced thinness, long arms and legs, weight less than 48 kg.

Symptoms of hormonal failure in women of reproductive age

- Various disorders of the menstrual cycle (delay in menstruation or, conversely, too frequent monthly, painful menstruation, profuse or too sparse monthly);
Uterine bleeding;
- problems with the childbearing function: the inability to become pregnant, miscarriages, and dead pregnancies. (Useful article on the topic: How to become pregnant with a healthy baby?)

Symptoms of hormonal failure in women during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as in the postpartum period

- during pregnancy - the threat of miscarriage, frequent pain in the lower abdomen, smearing bloody discharge;
- in childbirth - complications during labor, insufficient labor activity;
- after delivery - slow uterine contraction, problems with lactation, postpartum depression.

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Symptoms of hormonal failure in women during menopause

Certainly, during this period, even absolutely healthy "women-like" ladies feel unwell. And yet there are a number of anxiety symptoms that should make a woman go to the doctor:

- distracted attention, constant fatigue, apathy, depression;
- severe manifestations of PMS (premenstrual syndrome): pain in the chest, head, joints, exacerbation of liver and pancreas diseases one week before the expected monthly;
- frequent waking up at 4-5 o'clock in the morning, time of decrease in hormone production.

Common symptoms of hormonal failure in women

In addition to the symptoms that are characteristic of a particular period of a woman's life, there are a number of signs on which it is possible to determine almost unmistakably the hormonal disorders in the body:

- disorders of the menstrual cycle (too frequent or rare, irregular monthly, their absence, painful menstruation, abundant and prolonged (more than 7 days) monthly, pronounced PMS);
- dryness and irritability of the vagina, discomfort during sexual intercourse, decreased libido;
- Frequent severe headaches;
- Irritability, nervousness, increased fatigue, insomnia;
- increased hair growth on the body.

Treatment of hormonal failure in women

Hormonal failures in women

As a result of the examination (ultrasound, blood test forHormones, analysis for STDs), and ways of treating hormonal failure will be clarified. Perhaps it will be a course of taking hormonal drugs and / or treating sexual infections, adherence to a certain diet (for example, selenium-zinc during hormonal failures in adolescents or vegetarian during menopause), and in some cases - operative intervention (laparoscopy, curettage of the uterus cavity ).

Especially important is the treatment of hormonalFailure in women during pregnancy and after childbirth. A pregnant woman should register with a woman's consultation on time, take all the necessary tests on time and inform the treating doctor in a timely manner about any unusual sensations in the body. If there were difficult births and complications after them, the woman should be under the supervision of a doctor and, possibly, undergo appropriate treatment.

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Prevention of hormonal failures in women

Hormonal failures in women

As you know, it is always easier to prevent a disease than to treat it. Therefore, women who want to avoid problems with the hormonal background, it is recommended in order to prevent them the following:

- regularly conduct a calendar of the menstrual cycle;
- monitor the nature of menstrual flow;
- undergo a prophylactic examination at a gynecologist twice a year, even if there are no visible reasons for concern - unfortunately, "female" diseases have a property for the time being not to be felt.

Unfortunately, the life of a modern woman is tooIs active and supersaturated by stresses and negative impact of external and internal factors. Therefore, hormonal failures in women - a frequent phenomenon, but this is not less serious. Observing a woman for her body, timely detection of symptoms of hormonal failure and seeking help from a doctor can help alleviate the condition of each of us and become a guarantee of good health, successful pregnancies and successful birth, lack of problems in sexual life, and calm menopause in adulthood.
Watch yourself and be well, ladies and gentlemen!