How to get rid of excessive skin pigmentation?

It seems to us that freckles on the child's faceOnly give it the charm, but how do the owners themselves of this adornment, when growing up? How many tears are shed in front of the mirror, how many means have been tried and with what alarm is expected the approach of spring ...

Skin pigmentation, photo

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Why do some people have freckles, and othersno? Where do pigmentation spots come from? Science can already answer questions related to enhanced pigmentation. This can be both a reaction to the effects of sunlight, and a signal about the condition of the skin and a malfunction in the functioning of the body. But first let's try to figure out what the color of our skin depends on.

So, the color of our skin

It is caused by both genetic and externalFactors, and also depends on the amount and distribution in the skin of pigments and blood vessels, the thickness of the epidermis and the relief of the skin. In the skin pigments of melanin are formed, on which the skin color of people of different races, nationalities and habitats depends.

  1. Efelids (freckles) are characteristic of blonde and red-eyed blue-eyed people, they are usually located in open areas of the skin, and in spring and summer they become larger. Freckles are inherited.
  2. Another type of hyperpigmentation is chloasma, whichIs expressed in the appearance on the skin of spots with clear boundaries, located symmetrically. Their color can be from dark yellow to dark brown. Usually, chloasma appears on the face, but can occur in the area of ​​the nipples, midline of the abdomen, in the groin. In the summer, chloasma is more pronounced due to the influence of ultraviolet light contained in the sun's rays, and in winter it can practically disappear. Most often, chloasma is observed in pregnant women, but its appearance can be caused by the intake of hormonal contraceptives or some sexual diseases, as well as dysfunction of the liver, gallbladder and gastrointestinal tract.
  3. Another type of hyperpigmentation is lentigo. These spots are from a few millimeters to three centimeters in diameter, from light beige to dark brown in color. These specks can be flat or slightly protrude above the surface of the skin. Lentigo is more common in the elderly in exposed areas of the skin that are exposed to sunlight. Hyperpigmentation may also result from exposure to chemicals, skin trauma, medication or internal diseases and metabolic disorders.

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How to deal with skin pigmentation?

First of all, you need to find out the reasonsHyperpigmentation, as in case of their elimination, hyperpigmentation can pass by itself. There is no point in fighting the hyperpigmentation caused by the disease, as it will not give a result, but it can cause serious complications. Therefore, before you start bleaching the skin, consult a specialist. It should also take into account belonging to a particular ethnic group, for which this kind of pigmentation may be inherent. Thus, the aesthetic solution to the problem is associated with a number of factors and causes that have caused the appearance of hyperpigmentation.

Bleaching agents can be conditionally divided intoStrong and acting more gently. The use of the first can be accompanied by negative side effects (allergic reaction, dermatitis, pigmentation disorders), the latter do not give a quick result.

The mechanism of hyperpigmentation is tooStrong production of pigment melanin in a specific area of ​​the skin. And since this is directly related to the effect of ultraviolet rays, it is necessary to provide reliable protection against them using a wide spectrum of sunscreens with a sunscreen factor (SPF) of at least 25. There are not enough decorative cosmetics with photo filters, special creams are needed.

The purpose of whitening procedures is toExfoliating the stratum corneum and reducing the production of pigment melanin. Due to exfoliation of the skin, melanin is removed from the epidermis, and pigment spots become less pronounced. This is achieved by using peelings containing 1-2% hydroquinone. Synthesis of melanin reduces the drugs containing ascorbic and azelaic acid. Whitening properties, although weaker, have yarrow, bearberry, lemon, cucumber, parsley. Against persistent hyperpigmentation, surgical methods are used: liquid nitrogen, skin resurfacing, dermabrasion.

The main thing is to remember: you can get rid of hyperpigmentation only by revealing its cause and getting advice from a qualified specialist.

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